Osteoarthritis, sometimes called degenerative joint disease or “wear and tear” arthritis, is the most common form of arthritis. It occurs when the cartilage between your joints breaks down. This cartilage is the cushion between your bones that provides a smooth gliding surface for joint motion. When this cartilage breaks down it causes stiffness, swelling and pain around the joint.
Symptoms don’t usually appear all at once, but rather build up slowly and worsen over time. You may notice symptoms more so in the morning or after periods of resting.
- Swelling around joint
- Pain that worsens after activity
- Stiffness or a limited range of motion that goes away after movement
- Clicking or cracking sound from joint when bending